5 October 2017 Petroleum exploration in Africa from space
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Abstract
Hydrocarbons are nonrenewable resources but today they are the cheaper and easier energy we have access and will remain the main source of energy for this century. Nevertheless, their exploration is extremely high-risk, very expensive and time consuming. In this context, satellite technologies for Earth observation can play a fundamental role by making hydrocarbon exploration more efficient, economical and much more eco-friendly. Complementary to traditional geophysical methods such as gravity and magnetic (gravmag) surveys, satellite remote sensing can be used to detect onshore long-term biochemical and geochemical alterations on the environment produced by invisible small fluxes of light hydrocarbons migrating from the underground deposits to the surface, known as microseepage effect. This paper describes two case studies: one in South Sudan and another in Mozambique. Results show how remote sensing is a powerful technology for detecting active petroleum systems, thus supporting hydrocarbon exploration in remote or hardly accessible areas and without the need of any exploration license.
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Marco Gianinetto, Marco Gianinetto, Federico Frassy, Federico Frassy, Martina Aiello, Martina Aiello, Francesco Rota Nodari, Francesco Rota Nodari, } "Petroleum exploration in Africa from space", Proc. SPIE 10428, Earth Resources and Environmental Remote Sensing/GIS Applications VIII, 104280R (5 October 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2278305; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2278305
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