5 October 2017 Parallel exploitation of a spatial-spectral classification approach for hyperspectral images on RVC-CAL
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Abstract
Hyperspectral Imaging (HI) assembles high resolution spectral information from hundreds of narrow bands across the electromagnetic spectrum, thus generating 3D data cubes in which each pixel gathers the spectral information of the reflectance of every spatial pixel. As a result, each image is composed of large volumes of data, which turns its processing into a challenge, as performance requirements have been continuously tightened. For instance, new HI applications demand real-time responses. Hence, parallel processing becomes a necessity to achieve this requirement, so the intrinsic parallelism of the algorithms must be exploited. In this paper, a spatial-spectral classification approach has been implemented using a dataflow language known as RVCCAL. This language represents a system as a set of functional units, and its main advantage is that it simplifies the parallelization process by mapping the different blocks over different processing units. The spatial-spectral classification approach aims at refining the classification results previously obtained by using a K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN) filtering process, in which both the pixel spectral value and the spatial coordinates are considered. To do so, KNN needs two inputs: a one-band representation of the hyperspectral image and the classification results provided by a pixel-wise classifier. Thus, spatial-spectral classification algorithm is divided into three different stages: a Principal Component Analysis (PCA) algorithm for computing the one-band representation of the image, a Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier, and the KNN-based filtering algorithm. The parallelization of these algorithms shows promising results in terms of computational time, as the mapping of them over different cores presents a speedup of 2.69x when using 3 cores. Consequently, experimental results demonstrate that real-time processing of hyperspectral images is achievable.
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R. Lazcano, R. Lazcano, D. Madroñal, D. Madroñal, H. Fabelo, H. Fabelo, S. Ortega, S. Ortega, R. Salvador, R. Salvador, G. M. Callicó, G. M. Callicó, E. Juárez, E. Juárez, C. Sanz, C. Sanz, } "Parallel exploitation of a spatial-spectral classification approach for hyperspectral images on RVC-CAL", Proc. SPIE 10430, High-Performance Computing in Geoscience and Remote Sensing VII, 104300A (5 October 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2279613; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2279613
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