4 October 2017 Mapping urban porosity and roughness characteristics as a mean of defining urban ventilation corridors
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Abstract
Cities can be characterized with the roughest aerodynamic boundaries, which results in the enhanced turbulent motion and increased drag effect. This leads to reduced wind speeds and directly increases negative effects of living within urban areas. Urban Heat Island, decreased air quality or densely built-up residential/industrial areas occur in many cities, both in temperate and tropical regions, and are included in these negative effects. This case study investigates Warsaw, the capital of Poland, representing a dense, urban environment, located in the temperate zone. It suffers from immense air pollution levels, as well as Urban Heat Island, and the local government is seeking ways to resolve these issues. Among many mitigation techniques, air restoration and exchange system were suggested as appropriate measures, as they address many of the aforementioned issues. The essential elements of such system are ventilation corridors. This paper describes mapping these corridors utilizing the morphometric methods of urban roughness aided by remote sensing data. We focus especially on the terrain topology and texture of single elements, including high vegetation canopy layer. This study considers DSM and different porosity of obstacles, deriving a new outlook at the morphometric methods as a way to improve them. The mapped areas of low roughness characteristics might be appointed as ventilation corridors and play a crucial role in air restoration and exchange system. They may also be included in further planning processes by the local government as preservation areas.
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Marzena Wicht, Marzena Wicht, Andreas Wicht, Andreas Wicht, Katarzyna Osińska - Skotak, Katarzyna Osińska - Skotak, } "Mapping urban porosity and roughness characteristics as a mean of defining urban ventilation corridors", Proc. SPIE 10431, Remote Sensing Technologies and Applications in Urban Environments II, 1043106 (4 October 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2278051; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2278051
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