In this paper we present the results of a small scale exploratory study on the second question: a photosimulation experiment conducted using digital photographs and synthetic images generated of the same scene. Two sets of synthetic images were created: a high fidelity set created using an image generation tool, E-on Vue, and a low fidelity set created using a gaming engine, Unity 3D. The target detection results obtained using digital photographs were compared with those obtained using the two sets of synthetic images. There was a moderate correlation between the high fidelity synthetic image set and the real images in both the probability of correct detection (Pd: PCC = 0.58, SCC = 0.57) and mean search time (MST: PCC = 0.63, SCC = 0.61). There was no correlation between the low fidelity synthetic image set and the real images for the Pd, but a moderate correlation for MST (PCC = 0.67, SCC = 0.55).
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Joanne B. Culpepper, Noel Richards, Christopher S. Madden, Neal Winter, Vivienne C. Wheaton, "Comparing synthetic imagery with real imagery for visible signature analysis: human observer results," Proc. SPIE 10432, Target and Background Signatures III, 104320H (5 October 2017);