6 October 2017 Pulsed holographic system for imaging through spatially extended scattering media
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Abstract
Imaging through scattering media is a highly sought capability for military, industrial, and medical applications. Unfortunately, nearly all recent progress was achieved in microscopic light propagation and/or light propagation through thin or weak scatterers which is mostly pertinent to medical research field. Sensing at long ranges through extended scattering media, for example turbid water or dense fog, still represents significant challenge and the best results are demonstrated using conventional approaches of time- or range-gating. The imaging range of such systems is constrained by their ability to distinguish a few ballistic photons that reach the detector from the background, scattered, and ambient photons, as well as from detector noise. Holography can potentially enhance time-gating by taking advantage of extra signal filtering based on coherence properties of the ballistic photons as well as by employing coherent addition of multiple frames. In a holographic imaging scheme ballistic photons of the imaging pulse are reflected from a target and interfered with the reference pulse at the detector creating a hologram. Related approaches were demonstrated previously in one-way imaging through thin biological samples and other microscopic scale scatterers. In this work, we investigate performance of holographic imaging systems under conditions of extreme scattering (less than one signal photon per pixel signal), demonstrate advantages of coherent addition of images recovered from holograms, and discuss image quality dependence on the ratio of the signal and reference beam power.
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A. V. Kanaev, A. V. Kanaev, K. P. Judd, K. P. Judd, P. Lebow, P. Lebow, A. T. Watnik, A. T. Watnik, K. M. Novak, K. M. Novak, J. R. Lindle, J. R. Lindle, } "Pulsed holographic system for imaging through spatially extended scattering media", Proc. SPIE 10433, Electro-Optical and Infrared Systems: Technology and Applications XIV, 104330M (6 October 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2277967; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2277967
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