5 October 2017 MMW/THz imaging using upconversion to visible, based on glow discharge detector array and CCD camera
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Abstract
An inexpensive upconverting MMW/THz imaging method is suggested here. The method is based on glow discharge detector (GDD) and silicon photodiode or simple CCD/CMOS camera. The GDD was previously found to be an excellent room-temperature MMW radiation detector by measuring its electrical current. The GDD is very inexpensive and it is advantageous due to its wide dynamic range, broad spectral range, room temperature operation, immunity to high power radiation, and more. An upconversion method is demonstrated here, which is based on measuring the visual light emitting from the GDD rather than its electrical current. The experimental setup simulates a setup that composed of a GDD array, MMW source, and a basic CCD/CMOS camera. The visual light emitting from the GDD array is directed to the CCD/CMOS camera and the change in the GDD light is measured using image processing algorithms. The combination of CMOS camera and GDD focal plane arrays can yield a faster, more sensitive, and very inexpensive MMW/THz camera, eliminating the complexity of the electronic circuits and the internal electronic noise of the GDD. Furthermore, three dimensional imaging systems based on scanning prohibited real time operation of such imaging systems. This is easily solved and is economically feasible using a GDD array. This array will enable us to acquire information on distance and magnitude from all the GDD pixels in the array simultaneously. The 3D image can be obtained using methods like frequency modulation continuous wave (FMCW) direct chirp modulation, and measuring the time of flight (TOF).
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Avihai Aharon, Avihai Aharon, Daniel Rozban, Daniel Rozban, Amir Abramovich, Amir Abramovich, Yitzhak Yitzhaky, Yitzhak Yitzhaky, Natan S. Kopeika, Natan S. Kopeika, } "MMW/THz imaging using upconversion to visible, based on glow discharge detector array and CCD camera", Proc. SPIE 10441, Counterterrorism, Crime Fighting, Forensics, and Surveillance Technologies, 1044102 (5 October 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2278067; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2278067
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