Advancements in optical manufacturing technology allow optical designers to implement steep aspheric or high departure surfaces into their systems. Measuring these surfaces with profilometers or CMMs can be difficult due to large surface slopes or sharp steps in the surface. OptiPro has developed UltraSurf to qualify the form and figure of steep aspheric and diffractive optics. UltraSurf is a computer controlled, non-contact coordinate measuring machine. It incorporates five air-bearing axes, linear motors, high-resolution feedback, and a non-contact probe. The measuring probe is scanned over the optical surface while maintaining perpendicularity and a constant focal offset. Multiple probe technologies are available on UltraSurf. Each probe has strengths and weaknesses relative to the material properties, surface finish, and figure error of an optical component. The measuring probes utilize absolute distance to resolve step heights and diffractive surface patterns. The non-contact scanning method avoids common pitfalls with stylus contact instruments. Advancements in measuring speed and precision has enabled fast and accurate non-contact metrology of diffractive and steep aspheric surfaces. The benefits of data sampling with twodimensional profiles and three-dimensional topography maps will be presented. In addition, accuracy, repeatability, and machine qualification will be discussed with regards to aspheres and diffractive surfaces.