While the EPE from variation in aberrations across the exposure field is correctable in OPC software, there are no known ways to address tool-to-tool aberration variation. Given that foundries are expected to have multiple EUV tools for high volume manufacturing, the degree of tool-matching between different machines is expected to play a critical role to the success of EUV. This work seeks to further the study by quantifying the simulated edge placement error on realistic 7 nm / 5 nm node designs resulting from a fleet consisting of multiple EUV tools, under the assumption of single OPC model / mask for multiple tools and whether such assumptions are valid. Given the importance of tool-to-tool aberration matching in EUVL, this study investigates the amount of variation in tool-to-tool aberration that can be tolerated before foundries must consider tool dedicated OPC mask sets. This study statistically analyzes different metrics such as EPEs, image shifts and worst case excursions to understand which single tool in the fleet should be best used in model calibration to generate the OPC mask shapes. In addition, an effort to rank relative quality of the verification solutions is investigated, to be used to tool allocation.
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Ananthan Raghunathan, Germain Fenger, Michael Lam, Chris Clifford, Kostas Adam, John Sturtevant, "Edge placement errors in EUV from aberration variation," Proc. SPIE 10451, Photomask Technology, 104510W (16 October 2017);