22 August 2017 An advanced arrangement of the optical spectrograph based on acousto-optical and cross-disperser techniques for astronomical applications
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Proceedings Volume 10453, Third International Conference on Applications of Optics and Photonics; 1045331 (2017) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2276366
Event: Third International Conference on Applications of Optics and Photonics, 2017, Faro, Portugal
Abstract
We develop a new avenue to creating the optical spectrometer for the Guillermo Haro astrophysical observatory (Mexico), which combines specifically progressed prism spectrometer with modern acousto-optical approach in the frame of a joint instrument. This schematic arrangement includes two principal novelties. First, we exploit recently developed acousto-optical nonlinearity of the two-phonon light scattering in crystals with linear acoustic losses, which admits an additional physical degree of freedom. This effect allows us to use nonlinear acousto-optical effect for linear processing of optical signals in parallel regime within all the visible range. Similar effect is based on the possibility for tuning the frequency of elastic waves and admits the nonlinear apodization improving the dynamic range. Secondly, we are using the cross-disperser technique with acousto-optical processing for the first time to our knowledge. Additionally, the acousto-optical spectrometers can provide almost 100% efficiency in the acousto-optical interaction in the optimized regime. In the case of 4% Mg doped LiNbO3 crystal the absorption edge can be shifted down to 370 nm for limited intensity of incoming light. The observation window of optical spectrometer in that observatory is ~ 9 cm, so that the theoretical estimations of maximal performances for a low-loss LiNbO3-crystal for this optical aperture at 405 nm give the spectral resolution 0.0523 Å, resolving power 77,400, and number of spots 57,500. The illustrative proof-of-principle experiments with available for us 6-cm LiNbO3-crystal have been performed and demonstrated the spectral resolution 0.0782 Å at 405 nm and resolving power 51,790.
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Alexandre S. Shcherbakov, Alexandre S. Shcherbakov, Adan Omar Arellanes, Adan Omar Arellanes, Eduardo Tepichin Rodríguez, Eduardo Tepichin Rodríguez, Vahram Chavushyan, Vahram Chavushyan, } "An advanced arrangement of the optical spectrograph based on acousto-optical and cross-disperser techniques for astronomical applications", Proc. SPIE 10453, Third International Conference on Applications of Optics and Photonics, 1045331 (22 August 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2276366; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2276366
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