2 January 2018 Far-side geometrical enhancement in surface-enhanced Raman scattering with Ag plasmonic films
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Abstract
Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is a surface sensitive technique where the large increase in scattering has primarily been attributed to electromagnetic and chemical enhancements. While smaller geometrical enhancements due to thin film interference and cavity resonances have also been reported, an additional enhancement in the SERS signal, referred to as the ‘far-side geometrical enhancement’, occurs when the SERS substrate is excited through an underlying transparent dielectric substrate. Here the far-side geometrically-enhanced SERS signal has been explored experimentally in more detail. Thermally evaporated Ag plasmonic films functionalised with thiophenol were used to study the dependence of the geometrically-enhanced SERS signal on the excitation wavelength, supporting substrate material and excitation angle of incidence. The results were interpreted using a ‘geometrical enhancement factor’ (GEF), defined as the ratio of far-side to near-side SERS signal intensity. The experimental results confirmed that the highest GEFs of 3.2-3.5× are seen closer to the localized surface plasmon resonance peak of the Ag metallic nanostructures. Interestingly, the GEF for Ag plasmonic films deposited on glass and sapphire were the same within the measurement errors, whereas increasing angle of incidence showed a decrease in the GEF. Given this improved understanding of the far-side geometrical SERS enhancement, the potential for further signal amplification and optimisation for practical sensing applications can now be considered, especially for SERS detection modes at the farend of optical fibre probes and through process windows.
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M. Nilusha M. N. Perera, M. Nilusha M. N. Perera, W. E. Keith Gibbs, W. E. Keith Gibbs, Saulius Juodkazis, Saulius Juodkazis, Paul R. Stoddart, Paul R. Stoddart, } "Far-side geometrical enhancement in surface-enhanced Raman scattering with Ag plasmonic films", Proc. SPIE 10456, Nanophotonics Australasia 2017, 104564X (2 January 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2283335; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2283335
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