2 January 2018 Large 3D direct laser written scaffolds for tissue engineering applications
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We report on the fabrication of three-dimensional direct laser written scaffolds for tissue engineering and the seeding of primary fibroblasts on these structures. Scaffolds are realized by two-photon absorption induced polymerization in the inorganic-organic hybrid polymer OrmoComp using a 515 nm femtosecond laser. A nonstop single-line single-pass writing process is implemented in order to produce periodic reproducible large scaled structures with a dimension in the range of several millimeters and reduce process time to less than one hour. This method allows us to determine optimized process parameters for writing stable structures while achieving pore sizes ranging from 5 μm to 90 μm and a scanning speed of up to 5 mm/s. After a multi-stage post-treatment, normal human dermal fibroblasts are applied to the scaffolds to test if these macroscopic structures with large surface and numerous small gaps between the pores provide nontoxic conditions. Furthermore, we study the cell behavior in this environment and observe both cell growth on as well as ingrowth on the three-dimensional structures. In particular, fibroblasts adhere and grow also on the vertical walls of the scaffolds.
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Anika Trautmann, Anika Trautmann, Marieke Rüth, Marieke Rüth, Horst-Dieter Lemke, Horst-Dieter Lemke, Thomas Walther, Thomas Walther, Ralf Hellmann, Ralf Hellmann, } "Large 3D direct laser written scaffolds for tissue engineering applications", Proc. SPIE 10456, Nanophotonics Australasia 2017, 104565A (2 January 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2282417; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2282417

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