24 October 2017 Effect of nano-scale morphology on micro-channel wall surface and electrical characterization in lead silicate glass micro-channel plate
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Proceedings Volume 10460, AOPC 2017: Optoelectronics and Micro/Nano-Optics; 104601G (2017) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2285198
Event: Applied Optics and Photonics China (AOPC2017), 2017, Beijing, China
Abstract
Micro-channel plate (MCP) is a two dimensional arrays of microscopic channel charge particle multiplier. Silicate composition and hydrogen reduction are keys to determine surface morphology of micro-channel wall in MCP. In this paper, lead silicate glass micro-channel plates in two different cesium contents (0at%, 0.5at%) and two different hydrogen reduction temperatures (400°C,450°C) were present. The nano-scale morphology, elements content and chemical states of microporous wall surface treated under different alkaline compositions and reduction conditions was investigated by Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), respectively. Meanwhile, the electrical characterizations of MCP, including the bulk resistance, electron gain and the density of dark current, were measured in a Vacuum Photoelectron Imaging Test Facility (VPIT).The results indicated that the granular phase occurred on the surface of microporous wall and diffuses in bulk glass is an aggregate of Pb atom derived from the reduction of Pb2+. In micro-channel plate, the electron gain and bulk resistance were mainly correlated to particle size and distribution, the density of dark current (DDC) went up with the increasing root-mean-square roughness (RMS) on the microporous wall surface. Adding cesiums improved the size of Pb atomic aggregation, lowered the relative concentration of [Pb] reduced from Pb2+ and decreased the total roughness of micro-channel wall surface, leading a higher bulk resistance, a lower electron gain and a less dark current. Increasing hydrogen reduction temperature also improved the size of Pb atomic aggregation, but enhanced the relative concentration of [Pb] and enlarged the total roughness of micro-channel wall surface, leading a higher bulk resistance, a lower electron gain and a larger dark current. The reasons for the difference of electrical characteristics were discussed.
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Hua Cai, Hua Cai, Fangjun Li, Fangjun Li, Yanglei Xu, Yanglei Xu, Tiezhu Bo, Tiezhu Bo, Dongzhan Zhou, Dongzhan Zhou, Jiao Lian, Jiao Lian, Qing Li, Qing Li, Zhenbo Cao, Zhenbo Cao, Tao Xu, Tao Xu, Caili Wang, Caili Wang, Hui Liu, Hui Liu, Guoen Li, Guoen Li, Jinsheng Jia, Jinsheng Jia, } "Effect of nano-scale morphology on micro-channel wall surface and electrical characterization in lead silicate glass micro-channel plate", Proc. SPIE 10460, AOPC 2017: Optoelectronics and Micro/Nano-Optics, 104601G (24 October 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2285198; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2285198
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