30 November 2017 Sensitivity of the Arctic Ocean gas hydrate to climate changes in the period of 1948-2015
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Proceedings Volume 10466, 23rd International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics: Atmospheric Physics; 1046656 (2017) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2285524
Event: XXIII International Symposium, Atmospheric and Ocean Optics, Atmospheric Physics, 2017, Irkutsk, Russian Federation
Abstract
The objective of the present study is to analyze the interactions between a methane hydrates stability zone and the ocean temperature variations and to define the hydrate sensitivity to the contemporary warming in the Arctic Ocean. To obtain the spatial–temporary variability of the ocean bottom temperature we employ the ICMMG regional Arctic-North Atlantic ocean model that has been developed in the Institute of Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Geophysics. With the ice-ocean model the Arctic bottom water temperatures were analyzed. The resulting warming ocean bottom water is spatially inhomogeneous, with a strong impact by the Atlantic inflow on shallow regions of 200-500 m depth. Results of the mathematical modeling of the dynamics of methane hydrate stability zone in the Arctic Ocean sediment are reported. We find that the reduction of the methane hydrate stability zone occurs in the Arctic Ocean between 250 and 400 m water depths within the upper 100 m of sediment in the area influenced by the Atlantic inflow. We have identified the areas of the Arctic Ocean where an increase in methane release is probable to occur at the present time.
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Valentina V. Malakhova, Valentina V. Malakhova, Elena N. Golubeva, Elena N. Golubeva, Dina F. Iakshina, Dina F. Iakshina, } "Sensitivity of the Arctic Ocean gas hydrate to climate changes in the period of 1948-2015", Proc. SPIE 10466, 23rd International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics: Atmospheric Physics, 1046656 (30 November 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2285524; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2285524
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