30 November 2017 Geomagnetic activity signature in seasonal variations of mesopause temperature over Yakutia
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Proceedings Volume 10466, 23rd International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics: Atmospheric Physics; 1046670 (2017) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2288710
Event: XXIII International Symposium, Atmospheric and Ocean Optics, Atmospheric Physics, 2017, Irkutsk, Russian Federation
Abstract
Research of the seasonal change of mesopause temperature at height of nightglow of hydroxyl excited molecules and its correlation with geomagnetic activity during the 23 solar cycle is presented. An infrared digital spectrograph installed at the Maimaga station (63°N, 129.5°E) measured P-branches of the OH(6-2) band. The rotational temperature of OH emission (TOH) is assumed to be equal to the neutral atmosphere temperature at the altitude of ~87 km. The database of TOH comprises 2864 nightly average temperatures obtained from August 1999 to May 2015 is considered. The observation starts at the beginning of August and ends in the middle of May. It was revealed that the maximum flux of radio emission from the Sun with a wavelength of 10.7 cm is 2 years ahead of the maximum of seasonally averaged temperature. Temperature is correlated with a change of Ap-index which is a measure of geomagnetic activity. Nightly mean TOH were grouped in accordance with the geomagnetic activity level: the temperatures measured during years with a high activity (Ap> 8), and low activity (Ap <= 8). It was found that the mesopause temperature from October to February is higher by a factor of about ·10 K than during years with low activity (Ap <= 8). There is no dependence of the TOH on the level of geomagnetic activity in autumn and spring.
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G. A. Gavrilyeva, G. A. Gavrilyeva, P. P. Ammosov, P. P. Ammosov, A. M. Ammosova, A. M. Ammosova, I. I. Koltovskoi, I. I. Koltovskoi, V. I. Sivtseva, V. I. Sivtseva, } "Geomagnetic activity signature in seasonal variations of mesopause temperature over Yakutia", Proc. SPIE 10466, 23rd International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics: Atmospheric Physics, 1046670 (30 November 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2288710; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2288710
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