8 February 2018 SWIR reflectance imaging of demineralization on the occlusal surfaces of teeth beyond 1700 nm
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Proceedings Volume 10473, Lasers in Dentistry XXIV; 104730U (2018) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2296030
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2018, San Francisco, California, United States
Most new lesions are found in the pits and fissures of the occlusal surface. Radiographs have extremely low sensitivity for early occlusal decay and by the time the lesion is severe enough on a radiograph it typically has penetrated well into the dentin and surgical intervention is required. The occlusal surfaces are heavily stained and visual and tactile methods for their detection also have poor sensitivity and specificity. Previous studies at wavelengths beyond 1300-nm have demonstrated that stains are not visible and demineralization on the occlusal surfaces can be viewed without interference from stains. New extended range InGaAs near- IR cameras allow access to wavelengths beyond 1700-nm. The objective of this study was to determine how the contrast of occlusal lesions varies with wavelength from the visible to 2350-nm. The lesion contrast was measured in 55 extracted teeth with suspected occlusal lesions using reflectance measurements from 400- 2350-nm using Si and InGaAs imaging arrays. The highest lesion contrast in reflectance was measured at wavelengths greater than 1700-nm. Stains interfered significantly at wavelengths shorter than 1150-nm. This study indicates that the optimum wavelengths for reflectance imaging decay in the occlusal surfaces are greater than 1700-nm.
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Chung Ng, Chung Ng, Jacob C. Simon, Jacob C. Simon, Daniel Fried, Daniel Fried, Cynthia L. Darling, Cynthia L. Darling, "SWIR reflectance imaging of demineralization on the occlusal surfaces of teeth beyond 1700 nm", Proc. SPIE 10473, Lasers in Dentistry XXIV, 104730U (8 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2296030; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2296030

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