Photobiomodulation therapy uses light from a laser and is, therefore, a non-invasive, non-thermal treatment that is effective in reducing chronic pain and inflammation, stimulating wound healing and tissue regeneration. Due to its accessibility and ease of use, it is also being explored as an alternative to lipoplasty for fat removal. This review covers literature focusing on the applications of photobiomodulation therapy, with particular emphasis on the safety and efficacy of this therapy on fat loss. Based on the studies reported, photobiomodulation therapy is a safe technique that showed promising results in reducing the circumference of treated body parts. Also, photobiomodulation therapy is particularly effective when used in combination with exercise and physical therapy. The mechanism of action of how photobiomodulation therapy removes fat from the cells is controversial and requires further investigation. Very little scientific indication endures in support of the claims that infrared light, whether dispensed by laser, lamp, or while in a body wrap, can assist people to lose extra weight or shape their physique. Moreover, additional studies demonstrating the efficacy of photo modulation therapy in larger groups would be helpful in establishing this technique for regular clinical use.