14 February 2018 Spectral domain, common path OCT in a handheld PIC based system
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Abstract
Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) has made it into the clinic in the last decade with systems based on bulk optical components. The next disruptive step will be the introduction of handheld OCT systems. Photonic Integrated Circuit (PIC) technology is the key enabler for this further miniaturization. PIC technology allows signal processing on a stable platform and the implementation of a common path interferometer in that same platform creates a robust fully integrated OCT system with a flexible fiber probe. In this work the first PIC based handheld and integrated common path based spectral domain OCT system is described and demonstrated. The spectrometer in the system is based on an Arrayed Waveguide Grating (AWG) and fully integrated with the CCD and a fiber probe into a system operating at 850 nm. The AWG on the PIC creates a 512 channel spectrometer with a resolution of 0.22 nm enabling a high speed analysis of the full A-scan. The silicon nitride based proprietary waveguide technology (TriPleXTM) enables low loss complex photonic structures from the visible (405 nm) to IR (2350 nm) range, making it a unique candidate for OCT applications. Broadband AWG operation from visible to 1700 nm has been shown in the platform and Photonic Design Kits (PDK) are available enabling custom made designs in a system level design environment. This allows a low threshold entry for designing new (OCT) designs for a broad wavelength range.
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Arne Leinse, Lennart Wevers, Denys Marchenko, Ronald Dekker, René G. Heideman, Roosje M. Ruis, Dirk J. Faber, Ton G. van Leeuwen, Keun Bae Kim, Kyungmin Kim, "Spectral domain, common path OCT in a handheld PIC based system", Proc. SPIE 10483, Optical Coherence Tomography and Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedicine XXII, 104831J (14 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2288178; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2288178
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