21 February 2018 Developing visible and near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy to detect changes of the dermal collagen concentration
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Abstract
Collagen provides skin structure integrity and its concentration is related to the severity of scars. The objective of this study is to develop a hand-held and relatively inexpensive system to detect changes of the dermal collagen concentration in vivo. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and two-layer diffusion model have often been used to quantify the collagen concentration and other optical properties of the skin. However, the influences of fat and muscle, which are just below the dermis, have not been thoroughly investigated. We applied Monte Carlo simulations to find source-detector separations most sensitive to changes in collagen absorption and identify four wavelengths between 650 nm and 1000 nm suitable for separating influences of other chromophores including melanin, oxyhemoglobin and deoxyhemoglobin. Our tissue model consisted of at least three layers including the epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous fat with an optional forth layer representing the muscle. Results showed that the reflectance of the three-layered tissue model differed significantly from that of the two-layered tissue model, and the additional muscle layer might also influence the reflectance depending on the thickness of the fat layer. In addition, whether scattering coefficients of the epidermis and dermis were the same significantly affected the reflectance. Differences in reflectance due to changes in the collagen concentration were distinct from those due to changes in scattering coefficients and other chromophores. Further in-vivo experiments are ongoing to to validate the proposed approach.
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Chiao-Yi Wang, Andy Ying Chi Liao, Kung Bin Sung, "Developing visible and near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy to detect changes of the dermal collagen concentration", Proc. SPIE 10489, Optical Biopsy XVI: Toward Real-Time Spectroscopic Imaging and Diagnosis, 1048915 (21 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2289637; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2289637
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