19 February 2018 Differential photoacoustic spectroscopy with continuous wave lasers for non-invasive blood glucose monitoring
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We propose a differential photoacoustic spectroscopy (PAS), wherein two wavelengths of light with the same absorbance are selected, and differential signal is linearized by one of the two signals for a non-invasive blood glucose monitoring. PAS has the possibility to overcome the strong optical scattering in tissue, but there are still remaining issues: the water background and instability due to the variation in acoustic resonance conditions. A change in sample solution temperature is one of the causes of the variation in acoustic resonance conditions. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the sensitivity against glucose concentration under the condition where the temperature of the sample water solution ranges 30 to 40 °C. The glucose concentration change is simulated by shifting the wavelength of irradiated laser light, which can effectively change optical absorption. The temperature also affects optical absorption and the acoustic resonance condition (acoustic velocity). A distributed-feedback (DFB) laser, tunable wavelength laser (TWL) and an acoustic sensor were used to obtain the differential PAS signal. The wavelength of the DFB laser was 1.382 μm, and that of TWL was switched from 1.600 to 1.610 μm to simulate the glucose concentration change. Optical absorption by glucose occurs at around 1.600 μm. The sensitivities against temperature are almost the same: 1.9 and 1.8 %/°C for 1.600 and 1.610 μm. That is, the glucose dependence across the whole temperature range remains constant. This implies that temperature correction is available.
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Y. Tanaka, Y. Tanaka, T. Tajima, T. Tajima, M. Seyama, M. Seyama, } "Differential photoacoustic spectroscopy with continuous wave lasers for non-invasive blood glucose monitoring", Proc. SPIE 10494, Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2018, 104945A (19 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2287039; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2287039

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