21 February 2018 Low- and high-dose laser irradiation effects on cell migration and destruction
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Proceedings Volume 10495, Biophotonics and Immune Responses XIII; 1049515 (2018) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2290654
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2018, San Francisco, California, United States
Abstract
Metastases are the cause of more than 90 percent of cancer-related deaths. Current treatment methods, including chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery, fail to target the metastases effectively. One potential treatment for metastatic cancer is laser immunotherapy (LIT). LIT combines the use of a photothermal laser with an immunoadjuvant, Glycated Chitosan (GC). GC combined with single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) has proven to be a viable alternative to traditional cancer treatment methods, when under irradiation of laser with appropriate wavelength. In this study, the effects of low dose and high dose laser irradiation on metastatic pancreatic cancer cell migration were observed. It was found that low dose irradiation increased the migration rate, but the high dose irradiation significantly decreased the migration rate of the cancer cells. When using LIT, the goal is to kill tumor cells and to prompt the correct immune response. If the tumor were irradiated with a low dose, it would promote metastasis. If the dose of irradiation were too high, it would destroy the entire tumor and the immune response would not recognize the tumor. Therefore, the laser dose plays an important role in LIT, particularly when using SWNT as light absorbing agent. Our results from this study will delineate the optimal laser irradiation dose for destroying tumor cells and at the same time preserve and release tumor antigens as a precursor of antitumor immune response.
© (2018) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Elivia Layton, Elivia Layton, Kyra A. Gallagher, Kyra A. Gallagher, Sara Zukerman, Sara Zukerman, Brianna Stevens, Brianna Stevens, Feifan Zhou, Feifan Zhou, Hong Liu, Hong Liu, Wei R. Chen, Wei R. Chen, } "Low- and high-dose laser irradiation effects on cell migration and destruction", Proc. SPIE 10495, Biophotonics and Immune Responses XIII, 1049515 (21 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2290654; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2290654
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