19 February 2018 Optical coherence elastography assesses tissue modifications in laser reshaping of cornea and cartilages
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Abstract
Non-surgical thermo-mechanical reshaping of avascular collagenous tissues (cartilages and cornea) using moderate heating by IR-laser irradiation is an emerging technology that can find important applications in visioncorrection problems and preparation of cartilaginous implants in otolaryngology. To estimate both transient interframe strains and cumulative resultant strains produced by the laser irradiation of the tissue we use and improved version of strain mapping developed in our previous work related to compressional phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography. To reveal microstructural changes in the tissue regions where irradiation-produced strains do not disappear after temperature equilibration, we apply compressional optical coherence elastography in order to visualize the resultant variations in the tissue stiffness. The so-found regions of the stiffness reduction are attributed to formation of microscopic pores, existence of which agree with independent data obtained using methods of high-resolution microscopy.
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V. Y. Zaitsev, A. L. Matveyev, L. A. Matveev, G. V. Gelikonov, A. I. Omelchenko, D. V. Shabanov, A. A. Sovetsky, O. I. Baum, A. Vitkin, E. N. Sobol, "Optical coherence elastography assesses tissue modifications in laser reshaping of cornea and cartilages ", Proc. SPIE 10496, Optical Elastography and Tissue Biomechanics V, 104960C (19 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2289777; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2289777
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