23 February 2018 Multiparametric analysis of cisplatin-induced changes in cancer cells using FLIM
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Abstract
Cisplatin is an effective anticancer drug commonly used in the treatment of solid tumors. Although DNA is considered as the primary target, the cisplatin action at the cellular level remains unknown. Advanced fluorescence microscopy techniques allow probing various physiological and physicochemical parameters in living cells and tissues with unsurpassed sensitivity in real time. This study was focused on the investigation of cellular bioenergetics and cytosolic pH in colorectal cancer cells during chemotherapy with cisplatin. Special attention was given to the changes in cisplatininduced apoptosis that was identified using genetically encoded FLIM/FRET sensor of caspase-3 activity. Metabolic measurements using FLIM of the metabolic cofactor NAD(P)H showed decreased contribution from free NAD(P)H (a1, %) in all treated cells with more pronounced alterations in the cells undergoing apoptosis. Analysis of cytosolic pH using genetically encoded fluorescent sensor SypHer1 revealed a rapid increase of the pH value upon cisplatin exposure irrespective of the induction of apoptosis. To the best of our knowledge, a simultaneous assessment of metabolic state, cytosolic pH and caspase-3 activity after treatment with cisplatin was performed for the first time. These findings improve our understanding of the cell response to chemotherapy and mechanisms of cisplatin action.
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Marina V. Shirmanova, Marina V. Shirmanova, Tatiana F. Sergeeva, Tatiana F. Sergeeva, Alena I. Gavrina, Alena I. Gavrina, Varvara V. Dudenkova, Varvara V. Dudenkova, Konstantin A. Lukyanov, Konstantin A. Lukyanov, Elena V. Zagaynova, Elena V. Zagaynova, } "Multiparametric analysis of cisplatin-induced changes in cancer cells using FLIM ", Proc. SPIE 10498, Multiphoton Microscopy in the Biomedical Sciences XVIII, 1049807 (23 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2293996; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2293996
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