20 February 2018 Photodynamic diagnostics of stress-induced gastrointestinal neoplasia in laboratory animals using 5-aminolevulinic acid and Al-phthalocyanine
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Abstract
The main research objective is the development of innovative optical technologies for sensitive diagnosis of early stages of development of stomach cancer and monitoring of stress-induced appearance and development of tumors of the gastrointestinal tract by applying endogenous and exogenous fluorescence spectroscopy modalities.

Different mechanisms solely and in combination for evaluation of the joint impact of bioenvironmental factors (stress, Helicobacter pillory, exo-toxins in the food, water, soil and air) were applied to induce gastrointestinal tract (GIT) neoplasia in rats. The transformation of damaged areas of the stomach mucosa into malignancies in all parts of gastrointestinal tract were detected using exogenous fluorescence of photosensitizers - 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) and aluminum phthalocyanine (Al-Pc). Fluorescent mapping of different organs (liver, spleen, lungs, brain) also was developed – to evaluate the distribution of the photosensitizers in the whole body on the second hour after photosensitizer application by intravenous injection. Fiber-optic probe was used to measure the organs investigated. Fluorescence spectra were detected by microspectrometer USB4000 (OceanOptics Inc., USA), and FS405 LED source on 405 nm was used as excitation source for both types of photosensitizers applied.

Diagnostically-important parameters of oximetry, optical coherence tomography and speckle-imaging of the microcirculation of the stomach were also evaluated, to evaluate changes in the blood flow and vascular architecture, during the formation of the initial phases of the neoplasm development.
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Ekaterina Borisova, Ekaterina Borisova, Oxana Semyachkina-Glushkovskaya, Oxana Semyachkina-Glushkovskaya, Nikita Navolokin, Nikita Navolokin, Vanya Mantareva, Vanya Mantareva, Ivan Angelov, Ivan Angelov, Ilana Agranovich, Ilana Agranovich, Alexander Khorovodov, Alexander Khorovodov, Natalia Shushunova, Natalia Shushunova, Anastasiya Bodrova, Anastasiya Bodrova, Ivan Fedosov, Ivan Fedosov, Anton Namykin, Anton Namykin, Arkady Abdurashitov, Arkady Abdurashitov, Latchezar Avramov, Latchezar Avramov, } "Photodynamic diagnostics of stress-induced gastrointestinal neoplasia in laboratory animals using 5-aminolevulinic acid and Al-phthalocyanine", Proc. SPIE 10501, Optical Diagnostics and Sensing XVIII: Toward Point-of-Care Diagnostics, 105011E (20 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2289159; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2289159
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