20 February 2018 Enhancement of integrated photonic biosensing by magnetic controlled nano-particles
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Abstract
Integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometers, ring resonators, Bragg reflectors or simple waveguides are commonly used as photonic biosensing elements. They can be used for label-free detection relating the changes in the optical signal in realtime, as optical power or spectral response, to the presence and even the quantity of a target analyte on the surface of the photonic waveguide. The label-free method has advantages in term of sample preparation but it is more sensitive to spurious effects such as temperature and refractive index sample variation, biological noise, etc. Label methods can be more robust, more sensitive and able to manipulate the biological targets.

In this work, we present an innovative labeled biosensing technique exploiting magnetic nano-beads for enhancement of sensitivity over integrated optic microrings. A sandwich binding is exploited to bring the magnetic labels close to the surface of the optical waveguide and interact with the optical evanescent field.

The proximity and the quantity of the magnetic nano-beads are seen as a shift in the resonance of the microring. Detection of antibodies permits to reach a high level of sensitivity, down to 8 pM with a high confidence level. The sizes of the nano-beads are 50 to 250 nm. Furthermore, time-varying magnetic fields permit to manipulate the beads and even induce specific signals on the detected light to easy the processing and provide a reliable identification of the presence of the desired analyte. Multiple analytes detection is also possible.
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N. Peserico, N. Peserico, P. Pratim Sharma, P. Pratim Sharma, A. Belloni, A. Belloni, F. Damin, F. Damin, M. Chiari, M. Chiari, R. Bertacco, R. Bertacco, A. Melloni, A. Melloni, } "Enhancement of integrated photonic biosensing by magnetic controlled nano-particles", Proc. SPIE 10506, Nanoscale Imaging, Sensing, and Actuation for Biomedical Applications XV, 105060N (20 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2288701; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2288701
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