20 February 2018 Full scattering profile of tissues with elliptical cross sections
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Abstract
Light reflectance and transmission from soft tissue has been utilized in noninvasive clinical measurement devices such as the photoplethysmograph (PPG) and reflectance pulse oximeter. Most methods of near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy focus on the volume reflectance from a semi-infinite sample, while very few measure transmission. However, since PPG and pulse oximetry are usually measured on tissue such as earlobe, fingertip, lip and pinched tissue, we propose examining the full scattering profile (FSP), which is the angular distribution of exiting photons. The FSP provides more comprehensive information when measuring from a cylindrical tissue. In our work we discovered a unique point, that we named the iso-pathlength (IPL) point, which is not dependent on changes in the reduced scattering coefficient (µs’). This IPL point was observed both in Monte Carlo (MC) simulation and in experimental tissue mimicking phantoms. The angle corresponding to this IPL point depends only on the tissue geometry. In the case of cylindrical tissues this point linearly depends on the tissue diameter. Since the target tissues for clinically physiological measuring are not a perfect cylinder, in this work we will examine how the change in the tissue cross section geometry influences the FSP and the IPL point. We used a MC simulation to compare a circular to an elliptic tissue cross section. The IPL point can serve as a self-calibration point for optical tissue measurements such as NIR spectroscopy, PPG and pulse oximetery.
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H. Duadi, H. Duadi, I. Feder, I. Feder, D. Fixler, D. Fixler, } "Full scattering profile of tissues with elliptical cross sections", Proc. SPIE 10506, Nanoscale Imaging, Sensing, and Actuation for Biomedical Applications XV, 1050612 (20 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2287735; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2287735
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