Here, we demonstrate a high-speed nano-polarimetric system for stable plasmonic bio-imaging by integrating our voltage-tunable polarizer (VTP) into a microscope. The angular rotation of the polarization (0∼π) can be realized by applying voltage on the VTP. We show that our voltage-tunable system offers high extinction ratio (∼up to 250), and uniform transmission (∼55%) over a large input power range (<5% deviation for input power from 50 μW to ∼20 mW). Meanwhile, the transmission polarization can be rapidly tuned with a response time up to 50 ms. Compared to conventional polarizers, our system is able to provide reproducible and high-speed polarimetric images of individual nanoparticles with sub-pixel spatial precision. Such a polarimetric nanoimaging system could be a useful tool for real-time single nanoparticle bio-imaging with both high stability and time resolution.
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