15 February 2018 Spatial walk-off compensated beta-barium borate stack for efficient deep-UV generation
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Abstract
Beta-Barium Borate (β-BBO) crystal is commonly used in nonlinear frequency conversion from visible to deep ultraviolet (DUV). However, in a single crystal BBO, its large spatial walk-off effect will reduce spatial overlap of ordinary and extraordinary beam, and thus degrade the conversion efficiency. To overcome the restrictions in current DUV conversion systems, Onyx applies adhesive-free bonding technique to replace the single crystal BBO with a spatial Walk-off Compensated (WOC) BBO stack, which is capable of correcting the spatial walk-off while retaining a constant nonlinear coefficient in the adjacent bonding layers. As a result, the β-BBO stack will provide good beam quality, high conversion efficiency, and broader acceptance angle and spectral linewidth, when compared with a single crystal of BBO.

In this work, we report on performance of a spatial walk-off compensated β-BBO stack with adhesive-free bonding technique, for efficiently converting from the visible to DUV range. The physics behind the WOC BBO stack are demonstrated, followed by simulation of DUV conversion efficiency in an external resonance cavity. We also demonstrate experimentally the beam quality improvement in a 4-layer WOC BBO stack over a single BBO crystal.
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Da Li, Da Li, Huai-Chuan Lee, Huai-Chuan Lee, Stephanie K. Meissner, Stephanie K. Meissner, Helmuth E. Meissner, Helmuth E. Meissner, } "Spatial walk-off compensated beta-barium borate stack for efficient deep-UV generation", Proc. SPIE 10516, Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion: Materials and Devices XVII, 105161O (15 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2292742; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2292742
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