19 February 2018 Degradation of poly(L-lactide) under femtosecond laser treatment
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In this paper, for the first time, we present an analysis of changes of physicochemical properties of poly(L-lactide) induced by the femtosecond laser. Introduced changes were characterized using Differential Scanning Calorimetry, Gel Permeation Chromatography, X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy. We have noted that even for these process parameters for which no thermal ablation effects occurred, we observed some changes in material properties. In GPC image we recorded an increase in polydispersity index and some reduction of the molecular weight. The FTIR spectra show a reduction in the number of both C=O and C−O−C bonds in the polymer as well as the appearance of new bands. By using the XPS it was determined that processing with femtosecond laser cause a small oxidation of the surface layer. Decay of the spectra indicates the possibility of carboxyl (−COOH) and hydroxyl (−OH) groups present in the modified polymer. Although the observed changes are relatively small compared to long pulse duration lasers or UV lasers, they cannot be neglected in biopolymer applications for tissue engineering.
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Arkadiusz J. Antończak, Arkadiusz J. Antończak, Bogusz D. Stępak, Bogusz D. Stępak, Małgorzata Gazińska, Małgorzata Gazińska, Konrad Szustakiewicz, Konrad Szustakiewicz, "Degradation of poly(L-lactide) under femtosecond laser treatment", Proc. SPIE 10520, Laser-based Micro- and Nanoprocessing XII, 105201W (19 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2296531; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2296531

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