23 February 2018 Single is better than double: analysis of thermal poling configurations using 2D numerical modeling
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Thermal poling, a technique to create permanently effective second-order susceptibility in silica optical fibers, has a wide range of applications, such as frequency conversion, electro-optic modulation, switching and polarization-entangled photon pairs generation. After many works where a conventional configuration anode-cathode was used, in 2009 a new electrode configuration (double-anode) was adopted, which allows for a more temperature-stable depletion region formation and a higher value of effective Chi21, 2. In this work we demonstrate, via numerical simulations realized in COMSOL® Multiphysics, that in a double-anode configuration the effective value of Chi2 strongly depends on the relative position of the core with respect to the electrodes, requiring an accurate and precisely tailored geometry of the fiber, while in a single-anode configuration this value, for standard poling conditions1 is almost independent of the position of the core, offering the possibility of relaxing the manufacturing constraint of the fiber fabrication. We also demonstrate that, in the same experimental conditions, the maximum value of effective Chi2 induced by thermal poling in double-anode configuration is smaller than the one obtained in single-anode configuration for any position of the core in the range between the anodic surface and the geometric center of the fiber. Finally, we report the experimental observation of depletion region formation in a twin-hole fused silica fiber poled in single-anode configuration. Using a QPM SHG experimental set-up, we demonstrate that the value of Chi2 obtained in the single anode configuration is at least as large as for the double anode one.
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F. De Lucia, F. De Lucia, P. J. A. Sazio, P. J. A. Sazio, } "Single is better than double: analysis of thermal poling configurations using 2D numerical modeling", Proc. SPIE 10526, Physics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices XXVI, 105261X (23 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2288392; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2288392

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