22 February 2018 III-V/silicon photonic integrated circuits for spectroscopic sensing in the 2μm wavelength range
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Abstract
III-V/silicon photonic integrated circuits (ICs) promise to enable low cost and miniature optical sensors for trace-gas detection, bio-sensing and environmental monitoring. A lot of these applications can benefit from the availability of photonic ICs beyond the telecommunication wavelength range. The 2 μm wavelength range is of interest for spectroscopic detection of many important gases and blood constituents. In this contribution we will present 2 μmwavelength-range III-V/silicon photonic ICs consisting of tunable laser sources, photodetectors and silicon waveguide circuits. Silicon waveguides with a loss of ~0.5 dB/cm are obtained in a well-established silicon photonics platform. Based on the waveguides, low insertion loss (2-3 dB) and low crosstalk (25-30 dB) arrayed waveguide gratings (AWGs) are realized for the 2.3 μm wavelength range. Active opto-electronic components are integrated on the photonic IC by the heterogeneous integration of an InP-based type-II epitaxial layer stack on silicon. III-V-on-silicon 2.3 μm range distributed feedback (DFB) lasers can operate up to 25 °C in continuous-wave regime and shows an output power of 3 mW. By varying the silicon grating pitch, a DFB laser array with broad wavelength coverage from 2.28 μm to 2.43 μm is achieved. III-V-on-silicon photodetectors with the same epitaxial layer stack exhibit a responsivity of 1.6 A/W near 2.35 μm. In addition, we also report a 2 μm range GaSb/silicon hybrid external cavity laser using a silicon photonic IC for wavelength selective feedback. A wavelength tuning over 58 nm and side mode suppression ratio better than 60 dB is demonstrated.
Conference Presentation
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Ruijun Wang, Muhammad Muneeb, Anton Vasiliev, Aditya Malik, Stephan Sprengel, Gerhard Boehm, Ieva Simonyte, Augustinas Vizbaras, Kristijonas Vizbaras, Roel Baets, Markus-Christian Amann, Gunther Roelkens, "III-V/silicon photonic integrated circuits for spectroscopic sensing in the 2μm wavelength range", Proc. SPIE 10536, Smart Photonic and Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits XX, 1053603 (22 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2287380; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2287380
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