The optimization of nonlinear optical processes at the nanoscale is a key challenge in nanoscience. In this framework, plasmon-enhanced nonlinear effects together with the development of innovative nanoantenna designs and hybrid nanostructures are receiving a lot of attention [1-2]. We recently devised a plasmonic nanoantenna working in the near-infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum, which allows boosting the SHG efficiency. This is achieved by optimizing the nanoantenna geometry to feature (i) a double resonant response at both the excitation and emission wavelengths, (ii) a spatial overlap between the modes involved in the process and (iii) a broken symmetry, to enable dipole-allowed SHG. We found that this nanoantenna behaves like a strongly coherent nanoscale light source, featuring a marked THG along with an intense SHG [3-4].
We find evidence of a SHG-mediated cascaded effect in THG . We have identified a THG polarization behavior that strongly deviates from that of a bulk (3)-mediated effect and unveils a significant contribution coming from the cascaded coherent sum of a SHG photon and a pump photon.
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