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29 January 2018 Quantum key distribution in multicore fibre for secure radio access networks
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Broadband access in optical domain usually focuses in providing a pervasive cost-effective high bitrate communication in a given area. Nowadays, it is of utmost interest also to be able to provide a secure communication to the costumers in the area. Wireless access networks rely on optical domain for both fronthaul and backhaul of the radio access network (C-RAN). Multicore fiber (MCF) has been proposed as a promising candidate for the optical media of choice in nextgeneration wireless. The capacity demand of next-generation 5G networks makes interesting the use of high-capacity optical solutions as space-division multiplexing of different signals over MCF media. This work addresses secure MCF communication supporting C-RAN architectures. The paper proposes the use of one core in the MCF to transport securely an optical quantum key encoding altogether with end-to-end wireless signal transmitted in the remaining cores in radio-over-fiber (RoF). The RoF wireless signals are suitable for radio access fronthaul and backhaul. The theoretical principle and simulation analysis of quantum key distribution (QKD) are presented in this paper. The potential impact of optical RoF transmission crosstalk impairments is assessed experimentally considering different cellular signals on the remaining optical cores in the MCF. The experimental results report fronthaul performance over a four-core optical fiber with RoF transmission of full-standard CDMA signals providing 3.5G services in one core, HSPA+ signals providing 3.9G services in the second core and 3GPP LTEAdvanced signals providing 4G services in the third core, considering that the QKD signal is allocated in the fourth core.
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Roberto Llorente, Antoine Provot, and Maria Morant "Quantum key distribution in multicore fibre for secure radio access networks", Proc. SPIE 10559, Broadband Access Communication Technologies XII, 1055903 (29 January 2018);

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