29 January 2018 Frequency offset locked dual-carrier excitation of phase-modulated electro-optic frequency combs for bandwidth scaling and nonlinear spectral broadening
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Abstract
DWDM with/without super-channel based photonic networks require the use of optical carriers with equalized amplitudes and frequency stabilization of adjacent carriers to realize reliable high bandwidth optical communication systems with high spectral efficiency and long reach. Cascading of electro-optic (EO) modulators is a versatile method for generating tuneable, high repetition rate frequency combs which can be used as sources for the carriers. However, the number of lines produced with this technique is limited by the number of phase modulators. Nonlinear spectral broadening is an attractive option for bandwidth scaling; however, bandwidth scaling of single carrier combs through four wave mixing suffers from unequal comb lines or power limitations due to Brillouin scattering. A simpler technique to increase the number of comb lines would involve using multicarrier excitations for comb generation which would result in a proportional increase in the comb lines. Further, dual-carrier excitation enables an excellent temporal profile for nonlinear spectral broadening. However, since the two carriers have uncorrelated drifts, the resultant frequency combs would be unsuitable for most applications. This issue can be overcome by frequency offset locking the two lasers. Here, we demonstrate frequency offset locking (MHz accuracy) of two diode lasers spaced by 100GHz by using an optical phase locked loop which locks one laser to a RF harmonic of the other. This allows for the generation of frequency comb lines locked to each other even post nonlinear broadening. Using this technique, we demonstrate a 25GHz frequency comb with >90 lines (2THz) in the C-band.
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K. P. Nagarjun, K. P. Nagarjun, B. S. Vikram, B. S. Vikram, Roopa Prakash, Roopa Prakash, S. Suparna, S. Suparna, Ajay Singh, Ajay Singh, Shankar Kumar Selvaraja, Shankar Kumar Selvaraja, V. R. Supradeepa, V. R. Supradeepa, } "Frequency offset locked dual-carrier excitation of phase-modulated electro-optic frequency combs for bandwidth scaling and nonlinear spectral broadening", Proc. SPIE 10561, Next-Generation Optical Communication: Components, Sub-Systems, and Systems VII, 1056109 (29 January 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2290148; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2290148
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