9 March 2018 Improvement of image quality and density accuracy of breast peripheral area in mammography
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Abstract
During breast image acquisition from the mammography, the inner regions of the breast are relatively thicker and denser than the peripheral areas, which can lead to overexposure to the periphery. Some images show low visibility of tissue structures in the breast peripheral areas due to the intensity change. It has a negative effect on diagnosis for breast cancer detection. To improve image quality, we have proposed pre-processing technique based on distance transformation to enhance the visibility of peripheral areas. The distance transform method aims to calculate the distance between each zero pixel and the nearest nonzero pixel in the binary images. For each pixel with the distance to the skin-line, the intensity of pixel is iteratively corrected by multiplying a propagation ratio. To evaluate the quality of processed images, the texture features were extracted using gray-level co-occurrence matrices (GLCM). And the breast density is quantitatively calculated. According to the results, the structure of breast tissues in the overexposed peripheral areas was well observed. The processed images showed more complexity and improved contrast. On the other hand, the homogeneity tended to be similar to the original images. The pixel values of peripheral areas were normalized without losing information and weighted to reduce the intensity variation. In this study, the pre-processing technique based on distance transformation was used to overcome the problem of overexposed peripheral areas in the breast images. The results demonstrated that appropriate pre-processing techniques are useful for improving image quality and accuracy of density measurement.
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Hyemi Kim, Hyemi Kim, Dohyeon Kim, Dohyeon Kim, Haeng-hwa Lee, Haeng-hwa Lee, Minjae Lee, Minjae Lee, Byungdu Jo, Byungdu Jo, Hee-Joung Kim, Hee-Joung Kim, } "Improvement of image quality and density accuracy of breast peripheral area in mammography", Proc. SPIE 10573, Medical Imaging 2018: Physics of Medical Imaging, 105735C (9 March 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2293532; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2293532
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