2 March 2018 Relating regional characteristics of left atrial shape to presence of scar in patients with atrial fibrillation
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Abstract
Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is an established procedure for atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. Pre-procedural screening is necessary prior to PVI in order to reduce the likelihood of AF recurrence and improve overall success rate of the procedure. However, current reliable methods to determine AF triggers are invasive. In this paper, we present an approach to relate the regional characteristics of left atrial (LA) shape to existence of low-voltage areas (LVA) which indicate the presence of scar in invasive exams. A cohort of 29 AF patient-specific clinical images were each segmented into 3D surface bodies representing the LA. Iterative closest point based similarity transformation was used to find the best fit sphere to each patient-specific LA and the mean deviation of LA wall to this sphere of best fit was determined using a signed point-to-surface regional distance metric. Regional departure from the best-fit sphere was reduced into a metric of global LA sphericity. Next, the LA was divided into six regions to perform an analysis of regional sphericity. Regional sphericity analysis revealed that sphericity of the inferior-posterior LA region was found to be related to several clinical variables, including a direct correlation with body mass index (BMI) and an inverse correlation with left ventricular ejection fraction (EF), which presents a diseased heart that has been asymmetrically inflated. Our observations therefore demonstrate promise in being leveraged as a non-invasive patient selection tool to increase the success rate of PVI procedures.
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Soroosh Sanatkhani, Soroosh Sanatkhani, Michael Oladosu, Michael Oladosu, Karandeep Chera, Karandeep Chera, Sotirios Nedios, Sotirios Nedios, Prahlad G. Menon, Prahlad G. Menon, } "Relating regional characteristics of left atrial shape to presence of scar in patients with atrial fibrillation", Proc. SPIE 10574, Medical Imaging 2018: Image Processing, 105742N (2 March 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2293947; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2293947
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