27 February 2018 Histogram-based adaptive gray level scaling for texture feature classification of colorectal polyps
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Texture features have played an ever increasing role in computer aided detection (CADe) and diagnosis (CADx) methods since their inception. Texture features are often used as a method of false positive reduction for CADe packages, especially for detecting colorectal polyps and distinguishing them from falsely tagged residual stool and healthy colon wall folds. While texture features have shown great success there, the performance of texture features for CADx have lagged behind primarily because of the more similar features among different polyps types. In this paper, we present an adaptive gray level scaling and compare it to the conventional equal-spacing of gray level bins. We use a dataset taken from computed tomography colonography patients, with 392 polyp regions of interest (ROIs) identified and have a confirmed diagnosis through pathology. Using the histogram information from the entire ROI dataset, we generate the gray level bins such that each bin contains roughly the same number of voxels Each image ROI is the scaled down to two different numbers of gray levels, using both an equal spacing of Hounsfield units for each bin, and our adaptive method. We compute a set of texture features from the scaled images including 30 gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) features and 11 gray level run length matrix (GLRLM) features. Using a random forest classifier to distinguish between hyperplastic polyps and all others (adenomas and adenocarcinomas), we find that the adaptive gray level scaling can improve performance based on the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve by up to 4.6%.
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Marc Pomeroy, Marc Pomeroy, Hongbing Lu, Hongbing Lu, Perry J. Pickhardt, Perry J. Pickhardt, Zhengrong Liang, Zhengrong Liang, } "Histogram-based adaptive gray level scaling for texture feature classification of colorectal polyps", Proc. SPIE 10575, Medical Imaging 2018: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 105752A (27 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2293884; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2293884

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