27 February 2018 Applying a new unequally weighted feature fusion method to improve CAD performance of classifying breast lesions
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Abstract
Higher recall rates are a major challenge in mammography screening. Thus, developing computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) scheme to classify between malignant and benign breast lesions can play an important role to improve efficacy of mammography screening. Objective of this study is to develop and test a unique image feature fusion framework to improve performance in classifying suspicious mass-like breast lesions depicting on mammograms. The image dataset consists of 302 suspicious masses detected on both craniocaudal and mediolateral-oblique view images. Amongst them, 151 were malignant and 151 were benign. The study consists of following 3 image processing and feature analysis steps. First, an adaptive region growing segmentation algorithm was used to automatically segment mass regions. Second, a set of 70 image features related to spatial and frequency characteristics of mass regions were initially computed. Third, a generalized linear regression model (GLM) based machine learning classifier combined with a bat optimization algorithm was used to optimally fuse the selected image features based on predefined assessment performance index. An area under ROC curve (AUC) with was used as a performance assessment index. Applying CAD scheme to the testing dataset, AUC was 0.75±0.04, which was significantly higher than using a single best feature (AUC=0.69±0.05) or the classifier with equally weighted features (AUC=0.73±0.05). This study demonstrated that comparing to the conventional equal-weighted approach, using an unequal-weighted feature fusion approach had potential to significantly improve accuracy in classifying between malignant and benign breast masses.
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Abolfazl Zargari Khuzani, Abolfazl Zargari Khuzani, Gopichandh Danala, Gopichandh Danala, Morteza Heidari, Morteza Heidari, Yue Du, Yue Du, Najmeh Mashhadi, Najmeh Mashhadi, Yuchen Qiu, Yuchen Qiu, Bin Zheng, Bin Zheng, "Applying a new unequally weighted feature fusion method to improve CAD performance of classifying breast lesions", Proc. SPIE 10575, Medical Imaging 2018: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 105752L (27 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2293171; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2293171
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