27 February 2018 3D GGO candidate extraction in lung CT images using multilevel thresholding on supervoxels
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The earlier detection of ground glass opacity (GGO) is of great importance since GGOs are more likely to be malignant than solid nodules. However, the detection of GGO is a difficult task in lung cancer screening. This paper proposes a novel GGO candidate extraction method, which performs multilevel thresholding on supervoxels in 3D lung CT images. Firstly, we segment the lung parenchyma based on Otsu algorithm. Secondly, the voxels which are adjacent in 3D discrete space and sharing similar grayscale are clustered into supervoxels. This procedure is used to enhance GGOs and reduce computational complexity. Thirdly, Hessian matrix is used to emphasize focal GGO candidates. Lastly, an improved adaptive multilevel thresholding method is applied on segmented clusters to extract GGO candidates. The proposed method was evaluated on a set of 19 lung CT scans containing 166 GGO lesions from the Lung CT Imaging Signs (LISS) database. The experimental results show that our proposed GGO candidate extraction method is effective, with a sensitivity of 100% and 26.3 of false positives per scan (665 GGO candidates, 499 non-GGO regions and 166 GGO regions). It can handle both focal GGOs and diffuse GGOs.
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Shan Huang, Shan Huang, Xiabi Liu, Xiabi Liu, Guanghui Han, Guanghui Han, Xinming Zhao, Xinming Zhao, Yanfeng Zhao, Yanfeng Zhao, Chunwu Zhou, Chunwu Zhou, "3D GGO candidate extraction in lung CT images using multilevel thresholding on supervoxels", Proc. SPIE 10575, Medical Imaging 2018: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 1057533 (27 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2293217; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2293217

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