27 February 2018 Opacity annotation of diffuse lung diseases using deep convolutional neural network with multi-channel information
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Abstract
This research proposes a multi-channel deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) for computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) that classifies normal and abnormal opacities of diffuse lung diseases in Computed Tomography (CT) images. Because CT images are gray scale, DCNN usually uses one channel for inputting image data. On the other hand, this research uses multi-channel DCNN where each channel corresponds to the original raw image or the images transformed by some preprocessing techniques. In fact, the information obtained only from raw images is limited and some conventional research suggested that preprocessing of images contributes to improving the classification accuracy. Thus, the combination of the original and preprocessed images is expected to show higher accuracy. The proposed method realizes region of interest (ROI)-based opacity annotation. We used lung CT images taken in Yamaguchi University Hospital, Japan, and they are divided into 32 × 32 ROI images. The ROIs contain six kinds of opacities: consolidation, ground-glass opacity (GGO), emphysema, honeycombing, nodular, and normal. The aim of the proposed method is to classify each ROI into one of the six opacities (classes). The DCNN structure is based on VGG network that secured the first and second places in ImageNet ILSVRC-2014. From the experimental results, the classification accuracy of the proposed method was better than the conventional method with single channel, and there was a significant difference between them.
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Shingo Mabu, Shoji Kido, Noriaki Hashimoto, Yasushi Hirano, Takashi Kuremoto, "Opacity annotation of diffuse lung diseases using deep convolutional neural network with multi-channel information", Proc. SPIE 10575, Medical Imaging 2018: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 1057534 (27 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2293422; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2293422
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