27 February 2018 An automatically generated texture-based atlas of the lungs
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Many pulmonary diseases can be characterized by visual abnormalities on lung CT scans. Some diseases manifest similar defects but require completely different treatments, as is the case for Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) and Pulmonary Embolism (PE): both present hypo- and hyper-perfused regions but with different distribution across the lung and require different treatment protocols. Finding these distributions by visual inspection is not trivial even for trained radiologists who currently use invasive catheterism to diagnose PH. A Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) tool that could facilitate the non-invasive diagnosis of these diseases can benefit both the radiologists and the patients. Most of the visual differences in the parenchyma can be characterized using texture descriptors. Current CAD systems often use texture information but the texture is either computed in a patch-based fashion, or based on an anatomical division of the lung. The difficulty of precisely finding these divisions in abnormal lungs calls for new tools for obtaining new meaningful divisions of the lungs. In this paper we present a method for unsupervised segmentation of lung CT scans into subregions that are similar in terms of texture and spatial proximity. To this extent, we combine a previously validated Riesz-wavelet texture descriptor with a well-known superpixel segmentation approach that we extend to 3D. We demonstrate the feasibility and accuracy of our approach on a simulated texture dataset, and show preliminary results for CT scans of the lung comparing subjects suffering either from PH or PE. The resulting texture-based atlas of individual lungs can potentially help physicians in diagnosis or be used for studying common texture distributions related to other diseases.
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Yashin Dicente Cid, Yashin Dicente Cid, Oula Puonti, Oula Puonti, Alexandra Platon, Alexandra Platon, Koen Van Leemput, Koen Van Leemput, Henning Müller, Henning Müller, Pierre-Alexandre Poletti, Pierre-Alexandre Poletti, "An automatically generated texture-based atlas of the lungs", Proc. SPIE 10575, Medical Imaging 2018: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 105753A (27 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2294004; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2294004

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