13 March 2018 In vivo imaging of radiopaque resorbable inferior vena cava filter infused with gold nanoparticles
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Radiopaque resorbable inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) were developed to offer a less expensive alternative to assessing filter integrity in preventing pulmonary embolism for the recommended prophylactic period and then simply vanishes without intervention. In this study, we determined the efficacy of gold nanoparticle (AuNP)-infused poly-p-dioxanone (PPDO) as an IVCF in a swine model.

Infusion into PPDO loaded 1.14±0.08 % AuNP by weight as determined by elemental analysis. The infusion did not alter PPDO’s mechanical strength nor crystallinity (Kruskal−Wallis one-way ANOVA, p<0.05). There was no cytotoxicity observed (one-way ANOVA, p<0.05) when tested against RF24 and MRC5 cells. Gold content in PPDO was maintained at ~2000 ppm during the 6-week incubation in PBS at 37oC.

As a proof-of-concept, two pigs were deployed with IVCF, one with AuNP-PPDO and the other without coating. Results show that the stent ring of AuNP-PPDO was highly visible even in the presence of iodine-based contrast agent and after clot introduction, but not of the uncoated IVCF. Autopsy at two weeks post-implantation showed AuNP-PPDO filter was endothelialized onto the IVC wall, and no sign of filter migration was observed. The induced clot was also still trapped within the AuNP-PPDO IVCF.

As a conclusion, we successfully fabricated AuNP-infused PPDO IVCF that is radiopaque, has robust mechanical strength, biocompatible, and can be imaged effectively in vivo. This suggests the efficacy of this novel, radiopaque, absorbable IVCF for monitoring its position and integrity over time, thus increasing the safety and efficacy of deep vein thrombosis treatment.
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Li Tian, Li Tian, Patrick Lee, Patrick Lee, Burapol Singhana, Burapol Singhana, Aaron Chen, Aaron Chen, Yang Qiao, Yang Qiao, Linfeng Lu, Linfeng Lu, Jonathan Martinez, Jonathan Martinez, Ennio Tasciotti, Ennio Tasciotti, Megan C. Jacobsen, Megan C. Jacobsen, Adam Melancon, Adam Melancon, Mark McArthur, Mark McArthur, Mitch Eggers, Mitch Eggers, Steven Huang, Steven Huang, Marites P. Melancon, Marites P. Melancon, "In vivo imaging of radiopaque resorbable inferior vena cava filter infused with gold nanoparticles ", Proc. SPIE 10576, Medical Imaging 2018: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling, 105762S (13 March 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2293738; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2293738

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