6 March 2018 Experimental evaluation of straight ray and bent ray phase aberration correction for USCT SAFT imaging
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In Ultrasound computer tomography (USCT) Synthetic aperture focusing technique (SAFT) is often applied for reflectivity image reconstruction. Phase aberration correction is essential to cope with the large sound speed differences in water and the different human tissues. In this paper we compare two approaches for phase aberration correction: a straight ray approximation using the Bresenham algorithm (B-SAFT) and a bent ray approximating using a multi-stencil Fast Marching Method (FMM-SAFT). The analysis is carried out with simulated point scatterers and simulated phantoms to measure the effect on the image resolution and contrast. The method is additionally applied to experimental data. B-SAFT degrades the image resolution and contrast in cases of large sound speed differences of objects and if the reconstructed point is close to a boundary where a change in impedance is present. FMM-SAFT is able to recover the image quality in these cases if the sound speed distribution is known accurately and with high resolution. If these requirements cannot be met, B-SAFT proved to be more robust.
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T. Hopp, T. Hopp, M. Zapf, M. Zapf, H. Gemmeke, H. Gemmeke, N. V. Ruiter, N. V. Ruiter, "Experimental evaluation of straight ray and bent ray phase aberration correction for USCT SAFT imaging", Proc. SPIE 10580, Medical Imaging 2018: Ultrasonic Imaging and Tomography, 105800M (6 March 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2292895; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2292895

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