Background: Lithium di-silicate dental ceramic bonding, realized by using different resins, is strictly dependent on micro-mechanical retention and chemical adhesion. The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the capability of a 1070 nm fibre laser for their surface treatment. Methods: Samples were irradiated by a pulsed fibre laser at 1070 nm with different parameters (peak power of 5, 7.5, and 10 kW, repetition rate (RR) 20 kHz, speed of 10 and 50 mm/sec, and total energy density from 1.3 to 27 kW/cm2) Subsequently, the surface modifications were analysed by optical microscope, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS). Results: With a peak power of 5 kW, RR of 20 kHz, and speed of 50 mm/sec, the microscopic observation of the irradiated surface showed increased roughness with small areas of melting and carbonization. EDS analysis revealed that, with these parameters, there are no evident differences between laser-processed samples and controls. Conclusions: A 1070 nm fibre laser can be considered as a good device to increase the adhesion of lithium di-silicate ceramics when optimum parameters are considered.