PSCAR utilizes an area-selective photosensitization mechanism to generate more acid in the exposed areas during a UV exposure. PSCAR is an attempt to break the resolution, line-edge-roughness, and sensitivity trade-off (RLS trade-off) relationships that limit standard chemically amplified resists. The photosensitizer, which is generated in exposed area by a photoacid catalytic reaction, absorbs the UV exposure light selectively and generates additional acid in the exposed area only.
Material development and UV exposure uniformity are the key elements of PSCAR technology for semiconductor mass fabrication. This paper will review the approaches toward improvement of PSCAR resist process robustness. The chemistry’s EUV exposure cycle of learning results from experiments at imec will be discussed.