MATERIALS AND METHODS: 25 preparations of frontal and lateral teeth were performed for 7 different patients. The impressions of the prosthetic fields were obtained both using a conventional optoelectronic system (Apolo Di, Syrona) and a Spectral Domain using OCT (Dental prototype, working at 860 nm). For the conventional impression technique the preparation margins were been prelevated by gingival impregnated cords. No specific treatments were performed by the OCT impression technique.
RESULTS: The scanning performed by conventional optoelectronic system proved to be quick and accurate in terms of impression technology. The results were represented by 3D virtual models obtained after the scanning procedure was completed. In order to obtain a good optical impression a gingival retraction cord was inserted between the prepared tooth and the gingival tissue for a better elevation of the tooth cervical margin preparation. Spectral OCT was enforced in order to observe the quality but also the advantages coming from this technology. No special preparation was performed for this operation.
CONCLUSION: Considering these aspects, OCT could be used as a valuable tool for dental impression technology, being non-invasive but also non-destructive on the marginal gingival tissue, in comparison with conventional optoelectronic technology where the gingival retraction cord is still mandatory.