15 March 2018 Design and testing of a novel audio transducer to train string musical instruments
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Abstract
Stringed wooden instruments, like violins or double basses, experience a decrease in performance if they are not played for a long time. For this reason, top class instruments are usually given to musicians and played every day to preserve sound quality. The paper deals with the design, construction and testing of a device to be inserted in the bridge of a stringed wooden instrument to simulate the stresses experienced by the instrument during normal playing. The device could provide a simple, fast and inexpensive way to recover the sound of an instrument that has not been played for a period of time, or even to enhance the instrument’s sound. The device is based on two magnetostrictive actuators that can exert suitable forces on the body of the violin. The device has been designed and tested to exert forces as constant as possible in the range of frequency between 10 Hz and 15kHz. Experimental tests are carried out to evaluate the effect of the device on the sound produced by the violin during a 3 weeks hours training. Two hi-quality microphones have been used to measure principal harmonics and changes during the test. Results show that in the first part of the test (approximately 100 hours) amplitudes of main harmonics widely change, while in the following their values remain constant. This behavior demonstrates the violin has reached its “nominal” status.
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Simone Cinquemani, Simone Cinquemani, Hermes Giberti, Hermes Giberti, } "Design and testing of a novel audio transducer to train string musical instruments", Proc. SPIE 10595, Active and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems XII, 105953C (15 March 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2299310; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2299310
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