22 March 2018 Mechanical evaluation of the SLM fabricated, stiffness-matched, mandibular bone fixation plates
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Abstract
The standard of the care for the treatment of mandibular segmental defects is the use of Ti-6Al-4V bone fixation plates and screws to immobilize the grafted bone and the host mandible. While Ti-6Al-4V bone fixation plates provide strong immobilization during the healing period, they may disturb the stress distribution in the repaired mandible. The highly stiff Ti-6Al-4V fixation carries a great portion of the load which was previously borne by the mandible, and stress shielding may occur on the surrounding cortical bone. Based on the bone remodeling theory, stress shielding causes bone resorption in the effected region and may eventually lead to the failure of the surgical reconstruction. To address this issue, we have developed a new generation of the patient-specific, porous NiTi bone fixation plates which benefit from stiffness-matching of the adjacent bone.

Using the CT scan data of the patient’s defective mandible, the geometry for the required bone fixation plates is designed and the stiffness of the surrounding regions is measured. By introducing specific level and type of porosity to the bone fixation plate, its stiffness can be tuned. Finite Element simulations has verified the reduced level of stress shielding on the reconstructed mandible, in case of using the proposed bone fixation plates.

Selective Lase Sintering has been used for fabrication of the porous NiTi bone fixation plates with six different levels of stiffness. Finite element simulations, and mechanical tests have been done to verify the performance of the fabricated parts resulting from our design and fabrication method.
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Ahmadreza Jahadakbar, Narges Shayesteh Moghaddam, Amirhesam Amerinatanzi, David Dean, Mohammad Elahinia, "Mechanical evaluation of the SLM fabricated, stiffness-matched, mandibular bone fixation plates", Proc. SPIE 10596, Behavior and Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials XII, 1059610 (22 March 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2300740; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2300740
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