23 March 2018 Young's moduli of cellulose nanofibers measured by atomic force microscopy
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Abstract
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is known for measuring the mechanical properties of nanomaterials. It has been used for measuring the mechanical properties of few kinds of fibers, such as carbon nanotubes, gold nanofibers, graphene. In this study, the effect of various sources on the elastic modulus of cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) was investigated by using AFM three-points bending test. The CNFs were extracted from hardwood, softwood, bamboo and cotton by using aqueous counter collision (ACC) system and the morphology of CNFs were studied by AFM. CNFs were successfully transferred to the AFM calibration chip and the three-points bending test was performed. CNFs were considered to be circular shape by taking into account the AFM tip radius and the Young’s modulus was calculated. The calculation results indicate that the range of Young’s modulus is between 102 and 131 GPa varying upon the cellulose resources.
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Lindong Zhai, Lindong Zhai, Hyun Chan Kim, Hyun Chan Kim, Debora Kim, Debora Kim, Ruth M. Muthoka, Ruth M. Muthoka, Jaehwan Kim, Jaehwan Kim, } "Young's moduli of cellulose nanofibers measured by atomic force microscopy", Proc. SPIE 10597, Nano-, Bio-, Info-Tech Sensors, and 3D Systems II, 105970R (23 March 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2296836; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2296836
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