27 March 2018 Monitoring solid metal structures with a nervous system embedded with ultrasonic 3D printing
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Active and regular monitoring of structural components is a critical safety precaution, particularly as it concerns infrastructure, aerospace, industry, and many other applications. Solutions for effective structural health monitoring need to be able to probe surface and bulk properties using durable and low-power engineering. Towards these ends it is possible to build smarter, highly networked, and secure materials in order to enable remote real-time material sensing with a lesser-known form of 3D printing, ultrasonic consolidation (UC). This approach harnesses sound waves to weld metal layers in a low temperature process that does not damage sensors and electronics as they are embedded into a solid metal structure. This makes UC perfectly suited for designing solid metal parts with active embedded sensing components. However, the process parameters, material influences and mechanical factors that result in high-quality UC metal components are difficult to control or are loosely understood. The use of trial-and-error optimization during fabrication represents the chief hurdle between its current state of use and its potential to transform rapid prototyping and manufacturing of high-impact technologies (e.g., metal smart structures, wearable sensors, lab-on-a-chip, etc.). In this paper we will describe how embedded sensors may be used for in situ process monitoring and optimization. We will also discuss efforts towards standardizing UC welding for similar and dissimilar metal bonding and for embedding active sensors that can be used to create smart structures that will enable long-term structural health monitoring and other high impact applications.
Conference Presentation
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Jonathan D. Suter, Jonathan D. Suter, Curtis J. Larimer, Curtis J. Larimer, Kayte Denslow, Kayte Denslow, } "Monitoring solid metal structures with a nervous system embedded with ultrasonic 3D printing", Proc. SPIE 10598, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2018, 105982J (27 March 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2295953; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2295953

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