27 March 2018 Determination of depth and size of defects in carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic with different methods of pulse thermography
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Abstract
The main advantage of high performance composite material is its exceptional light-weight capability due to individual tailoring of anisotropic fiber lay-up. Its main draw-back is a brittle and complex failure behavior under dynamic loading which requires extensive quality assurance measures and short maintenance intervals. For this reason efficient test methods are required, which not only generate good and reliable results, but are also simple in handling, allow rapid adaptation to different test situations and short measuring times. Especially the knowledge about size and position of a defect is necessary to decide about acceptance or rejection of a structure under investigation. As a promising method for contactless in-line and off-line inspection we used pulsed thermography. For the determination of the depth of the defects we used logarithmic peak second derivative, a widely accepted method. Alternatively an analytical model, describing the adiabatic heating of a solid plate by an instantaneous pulse, was fitted directly to the measurement data. For the determination of defect size four different approaches were investigated and compared with exact values. The measurements were done with continuous carbon-fiber reinforced materials.
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Vitalij Popow, Martin Gurka, "Determination of depth and size of defects in carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic with different methods of pulse thermography", Proc. SPIE 10599, Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, Civil Infrastructure, and Transportation XII, 105990P (27 March 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2296564; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2296564
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